One of the most common foot injuries is the toe fracture. This seemingly minor injury can be the source of much pain and annoyance, and often hails from a midnight misadventure to the bathroom as a dresser suddenly lurches in the way of the unsuspecting sleepy victim. The common assumption is that there is nothing that can be done for a toe fracture, so why bother to have it addressed?
My response to this is that if it were a finger, would one not seek medical attention? Yes, I realize toes and fingers serve two very different purposes. However, the anatomy of the injuries is generally the same, and the severity of not addressing these injuries in a timely manner could be equally problematic.
Toe fractures can run the gamut of simple clean breaks, all the way to displaced fractures that stick out away from the intact bone. Clean breaks are simply treated with buddy splinting of the injured toe to the next toe, and the use of a stiff soled shoe. However, there is no external indication as to whether a toe fracture is a clean break or if it is shifted out of position, and the level of pain or swelling associated with the injury does not offer a true clue either. X-rays and medical attention are needed to determine this, as a decision has to be made as to what needs to be done to put the toe bone back into place and keep it there while it heals. This may be as simple as manually distracting the toe to put the fracture in place with the use of splints to keep it there, or, in serious cases, treatment may require surgery to repair and secure the broken bone. The danger of the bone not setting right comes in the form of future issues with the toe, which includes new areas of prominence from the displaced and malformed bone that may rub in shoes and cause sores (a particular danger for diabetics), long term pain from a non-healing fracture, or long term arthritis if one of the joint surfaces in the toe was disrupted by the separated fracture.
Ignoring a toe fracture could prove costly, as some non-healed fractures require additional surgery to remove the fractured bone end in an effort to end pain. A simple visit to a physician, preferably a foot specialist (who by nature deals with toe fractures on a regular basis), can ensure that this nagging injury heals properly, quickly, and without long term consequence.